Indus valley civilization known to be a bronze age civilization used to extend from today’s Afghanistan to Pakistan and northwest part of India. They considered it one of three civilizations during ancient times and the other two are Pharaonic Egypt & Mesopotamia. It lasted for at least 1600 years. Its beginning date is unknown but collapsed because of an unknown reason around the 16th century BC.
1. Overview of Indus valley civilization
Indus valley civilization lasted for thousands of years and historians have divided this civilization into three different times as below.
They divide the lifespan of Indus valley civilization into three stages: Early Harappan phase (3300-2600 BCE), Mature Harappan phase (2600-1900 BCE) and Late Harappan phase (1900-1300 BCE).
They also know it as the Harappan civilization after Harappan sites were cut out in the 1920s. It was the Punjab province of British India and now in Pakistan. Mohenjo-daro was not only the largest city of the Indus valley civilization but one of the world’s earliest major urban centres at the time of the 26th century.
Indus valley civilization is famous for its advanced engineering, well-planned cities and drainage system.
The inhabitants of Indus valley had developed a new technique in handicraft, including product and seal. Which can’t be surpassed for many centuries and this is one reason they know it as urban civilization?
Here are 5 Amazing facts about India civilization
Pioneered several techniques in metallurgy and handicrafts
The Indus valley people pioneered techniques in metallurgy and produced copper, bronze, lead and tin. They even made different sculptures, potteries, gold jewellery, anatomically detailed figures archaeologists have discovered. The famous statue as “Dancing Girl” of Mohenjo Daro is described as the most captivating piece of art from Indus site.
2. Knowledge of Dentistry
It must amaze you to know that the practice for dentistry was at an early Harappan period. The archaeologists found drilling in a person’s teeth in remains found in Mehrgarh. In 2006, they discovered 11 drilled molar crowns of nine different adults, dated to be between 7500 to 9000-year-old.
3. Precise measurements practice
The scientists during those days could come up with a device to measure length, weight and tune in highly accurate terms. This civilization was first to come up with a measurement scheme to measure objects and times. The smallest division of the bronze age era in Gujarat was 1.7 mm. Many of their device’s discoveries were stunning.
4. Pioneers in building artificial dockyard
Lothal is one of the fascinating cities of Indus valley civilization. The structure is so well planned that it protects the town from consistent flood from the beginning. The engineers back then were highly skilled, and they were visionary enough to develop intricate systems in town. The archaeologists even label this as the engineering fear of highest order.
5. They used seal as identifier
In those days, Indus valley civilization even traded goods with Egyptian and Mesopotamia. They produced seals to identify goods and clay tablets. The seal comprises a lot of creatures, animals, people and god’s. The word engraved in those seals with their language which is even today’s hard to decode. The most famous seal used is of pashupati seal, where three headsets man with buffalo horn on his middle head sits between a tiger and a bull.