In the last 70 years, India has had many conflicts with Pakistan and China
A peace-loving country, a nation which has invaded no other country – and India has many such titles. Being the second-largest country population-wise, there is a lot of pressure on the shoulders of the government. From security to finance to education and healthcare, everything has to be shoulder to shoulder.
With neighbors, India has always lived in hard times. Neighboured by Pakistan to the north-west and China to the north-east, the nuclear capacity of this region can devastate the entire continent. But that has not been the story.
In the last 70 years, India has fought 3 wars with Pakistan and a war with China. Each side had its loss of blood and money. Since 2000, there has not been a major war between these nations although some minor conflicts have taken place, mainly on the border regions.
India’s peaceful approach
Amidst the chaos and disturbing peace, India has presented peace to its neighbors. Back in 1991, when the assassination of the then Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi took place by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, India did not retaliate with an attack. They set investigation and various commissions up to search for the truth.
The list of India’s peaceful approach is never-ending. Here are the top 3 incidents when India went for peace.
The 2001 Parliament Attacks
On 13th December 2001, 5 terrorists from Pakistani terrorist organizations attacked the Parliament of India Lashkr-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammed. 9 Indians lost their lives which included – 6 Delhi Police personnel, 2 Parliament Security personnel, and a gardener. The terrorists carried their attack with AK47 rifles, grenades, pistols, and grenade launchers.
After the attack, India on its side maintained the peace accord and did not retaliate with a violent attack. The authorities paved the way for a fair justice trial. All the accused were arrested or hanged for their involvement in disturbing the peace.
Talks between India and Pakistan increased and focus on maintaining peace occupied the front seat. At the India-Pakistan borders, they tightened security to avoid any other terrorist attack.
2008 Mumbai Attacks
The 2008 Mumbai attacks popularly known as 26/11 attacks were a series of terrorist attacks across various locations in Mumbai. 165 people died and there were 300 wounded people.
10 Terrorists of Lashkr-e-Taiba carried out armed attacks across 8 locations. In the attacks, not only Indians but there was killing of citizens of the USA, Israel, Germany, Australia, Canada, France, Italy, the United Kingdom, Netherlands, Japan, Jordan, Mauritius, Malaysia, Mexico, Singapore, and Thailand. In retaliation, the Indian authorities got hold of Ajmal Kasab, one terrorist, and carried out investigation and trials.
To maintain a peaceful timeline in the region, India did not opt for a violent attack but focused on the security of its citizens. It brought more troops in the city and also created an anti-terror force named ‘Force One’.
2016 Pathankot attacks
The commitment of Pathankot Air Station attacks took place from 2nd January to 5th January, which resulted in the death of 8 people (1 civilian and 7 security personnel). The United Jihad Council carried out the attack.
After the attacks, there was news spreading that the cities of Mumbai and Delhi will also be under attack. To combat this, the government carried out search operations and deployed more foot soldiers.
To investigate the attacks, a special 5-member team came from Pakistan. Similarly, a team from India went to Pakistan. After days of research and work, the tension between both the nations was still on as authorities from both countries were calling for meetings and talks.